Are We Ready for Mass Screening to Detect Atrial Fibrillation?

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Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and a leading cause of stroke. AF-related strokes are associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs,2–5 yet they are highly preventable.6,7 Unfortunately, AF is often undiagnosed or untreated when stroke occurs.8 Given the availability of effective oral antico- agulant (OAC) medications and evidence-based guidelines for their use,9–11 population-based AF screening has the potential to become an important public health program.